Cardiology is a medical specialization and a field of internal medicine that focuses on issues with the heart. It focuses on the treatment and diagnosis of conditions such as congenital heart defects, coronary artery diseases electrophysiology, the heart’s insufficiency and valvular cardiac disease. Specialties within the cardiology field include echocardiography, cardiac electrophysiology as well as interventional cardiology.
The primary function of cardiovascular systems is how the heart process oxygen and nutrients within the blood. This is known as coronary circulatory. The circulatory system is comprised of coronary arteries as well as coronary veins.
There is a variety of conditions that affect the heart that can be investigated and treated in the umbrella of cardiology. Some of them include acute coronary syndrome that covers the entire spectrum of symptoms associated with myocardial infarction. Angina pectoris atherosclerosis, restonosis and coronary heart disease are also common conditions. The broad categories of diseases within the field of cardiology comprise cardiac arrest, disorders of the myocardium, also known as the muscles of the heart and include a variety of cardiomyopathy; diseases of the pericardium, also known as the lining that surrounds the heart, and comprise a variety of pericarditis issues with the heart valves, such as the aortic valve, mitral valve the pulmonary valve as well as the tricuspid valve. Congenital heart defects that can range from atrial septal defect to ventricular septal defects; conditions of blood vessels or blood vessel diseases, such as aneurysms deep vein thrombosis varicose veins vasculitis, as well as diseases of other blood vessels.
There are a variety of devices used in cardiology, such as balloons of various kinds, defibrillators as well as a pacemaker and the Stethoscope. Artificial hearts are also used and researched in the area of cardiology.
Cardiologists are specialists. They are also known as cardiologists. The strategies employed by cardiologists in fighting cardiovascular disorders include coronary arterial bypass surgery percutaneous coronary intervention percutaneous transluminal angioplasty, and stenting. Cardiologists can also identify cardiovascular diseases through tests for blood and cardiac stress tests echocardiography or electrocardiography, or magnetic resonance imaging methods.
The required education for becoming a cardiologist requires over 10 years study in internal medicine and special programs.